These political developments in 2011 included the role of Agence France Nucleaire International (AFNI), created in May 2008 within the framework of the CEA, to provide an instrument for international assistance. The objective is to help set up structures and systems for the establishment of civilian nuclear programmes in countries wishing to develop them, drawing on all the country`s expertise. It is chaired by a steering committee composed of representatives of all the ministries concerned (energy, foreign policy, industry, research) as well as representatives of other major French nuclear institutions, including the CEA itself and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN). Its work will be limited to the countries with which France has signed a nuclear cooperation agreement, among the 40 countries that have requested France`s help. .