Trump – a climate denier who claimed climate change was a “scam” committed by China – announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal process requires the agreement to be in force for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. It will be a year before leaving the pact. This means that the United States would not be able to officially withdraw until November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections. Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say; A future president could return in just one month. The president`s promise to renegotiate the international climate agreement has always been a smog screen, the oil industry has a red phone at Interior, and will he bring food trucks to Old Faithful? While these measures have still not made enough progress, Fabius turned to “indabas”, according to Zulu tradition, it was groups of elders who met to discuss disputes in the communities. They were first tried in 2011 during the climate negotiations in Durban, South Africa, and, according to the French plan, they were made up of groups of up to 80 delegates who met at the same time to try to iron out the remaining disagreements. In fact, research clearly shows that the cost of climate inaction far outweighs the cost of reducing carbon pollution. A recent study suggests that if the U.S. fails to meet its Paris climate goals, it could cost the economy up to $6 trillion in the coming decades. A global failure to comply with the DND currently set out in the agreement could reduce global GDP by more than 25% by the end of the century.
Meanwhile, another study estimates that achieving – or even exceeding – that the Paris targets could be very beneficial on a global scale by investing in infrastructure in clean energy and energy efficiency, to the amount of about $19 trillion. Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director of Greenpeace International, summed up the mood: “It sometimes seems that UN countries can`t agree on anything, but nearly 200 countries have come together and agreed on an agreement. Today, humanity has joined in a common cause. The Paris Agreement is just one step on a long road, and there are parts of it that frustrate me, that disappoint me, but it is progress. The agreement alone will not get us out of the hole we are in, but it makes the sides less stiff. In 1992, President George H.W. Bush joined 107 other heads of state at the Earth Summit in Rio, Brazil, to adopt a series of environmental agreements, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human intervention in the planet`s climate systems in the long term. The Pact does not set limit values for greenhouse gas emissions for individual countries and does not contain enforcement mechanisms, but rather establishes a framework for international negotiations on future agreements or protocols to set binding emission targets.
Participating countries meet annually at a Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess their progress and continue discussions on how best to tackle climate change. But it soon turned out that things weren`t going as planned. When countries discussed the draft agreement, ministers began to voice their concerns. On Wednesday afternoon, leading delegations marched one after the other through Fabius` personal office: Edna Molewa from South Africa, Xie Zhenhua from China, John Kerry from the United States, Julie Bishop from Australia. . . .