Quincy Agreement 1945

The USS Quincy sailed from Hampton Roads on March 5, 1945 and arrived at Pearl Harbor on March 20. After training at Pearl Harbor, she evaporated for Ulithi on Eniwetok and joined the 5th Fleet on April 11. Two days later, she left Ulithi to join Rear Admiral Wiltses Cruiser Division 10 in Vice Admiral Mitscher`s Rapid Career Task Force. April, Quincy supported the airlines in their attacks against Okinawa, Amami Gunto and Minami Daito Shima. On 30 April, she returned to Ulithi with units of the task force. On Valentine`s Day in 1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with Saudi King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud on an American cruiser, the USS Quincy, in the Suez Canal. It was the beginning of today`s longest American relationship with an Arab state. Today, the relationship is in decline, perhaps endless, and needs to be recast. At the time, the United States and Britain were in great disagreement over the future of the Middle East. At the end of the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Roosevelt surprised Churchill by announcing that he had planned to meet King Saud, King Farouk of Egypt and Haile Selassie of Ethiopia.

In February, President Roosevelt and King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia, known in the West as Ibn Saud, met aboard Quincy. During the meeting, President Roosevelt tried to convince Ibn Saud to support Jewish immigration to Palestine and hoped that Ibn Saud might be able to give constructive advice on the Palestinian issue. It was there that Roosevelt and Saud reached a secret agreement in which the United States would provide Saudi Arabia with military security – military aid, training and a military base in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia – in exchange for secure access to oil supplies. [3] [4] [5] [6] It turns out that next month will also mark the 70th anniversary of the beginnings of this relationship. It all began when President Franklin D. Roosevelt returned from the Yalta Conference in 1945, where world heads of state and government met to discuss the future of a post-war Europe. On the way back, Roosevelt decided to meet some of the leading leaders of the Middle East and Africa: King Farouk of Egypt, Haile Selassie of Ethiopia and the first Saudi king Abdul Aziz ibn Saud (the father of King Abdullah and Salman and any other Saudi king). A secret war meeting. Fear of an oil shortage.

An exchange of gifts (including a wheelchair) and a budding friendship. February 14, 1945, when Franklin D. Roosevelt met Abdul Aziz ibn Saud aboard a U.S. Navy destroyer in the Suez Canal, it was the first time a U.S. president had met with a king of Saudi Arabia, and that meeting laid the foundation for U.S.-Saudi relations, which would last generations and ensure U.S. access to Saudi oil reserves. On February 2, 1945, the USS Quincy left Malta and two days later joined the Great Amer Lake in the Suez Canal after calling Ismalia, Egypt. The president and his party returned to Quincy on February 12, after the Yalta conference with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and Churchill, and the next day, King Farouk of Egypt and Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia. King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia (centre) during a meeting with President Franklin D. Roosevelt aboard the USS Quincy in Great Bitter Lake, Egypt, February 14, 1945. The content of this meeting on the Quincy was marked by a disagreement over the future of Palestine: the FDR argued in favour of a Jewish state and Ibn Saud protested for the Jews to have their state in Bavaria. But the substance was secondary to the good atmosphere of the session.

The president scoured his usual cigarette and cocktail to honor the king`s Islamic sentiments.