Farc Ceasefire Agreement

The Colombian peace process differs from other conflicts due to the support and participation of the international community. The role of the international community in the peace process was as a mediator and guarantor of peace talks. [92] On 25 January 2016, the UN Security Council supported the ongoing peace talks in Havana by unanimously adopting resolution A/RES/2261, including the decision to accompany the end of the conflict in Colombia, one of 14 decisions unanimously adopted by the Security Council in its history. [93] Following the implicit invitation of the parties to the conflict to Section 6.3 of the final agreement, the United Nations currently monitors compliance with the final agreement by the parties to the conflict in accordance with Resolution A/RES/2435. The announcement of the Farc ceasefire dominated the headlines in the online editions of Colombia`s major newspapers and other media. In addition, the amendment gives the President special powers to adopt legally binding decrees for the implementation of the agreement for a period of six months. These decrees are also subject to automatic judicial review. On 23 June, it was also unexpectedly learned that the FARC had agreed to support the Constitutional Court`s decision on the referendum – in short, the FARC expressly approved the referendum as a mechanism for ratifying the final agreement. Before the announcements on 23 June, Constitutional Court Judge Luis Ernesto Vargas had already presented a positive report (Ponencia) on the referendum. [78] The final agreement contains in its appendices the text of the amnesty law that should be submitted to Congress. There would be three types of crimes: those that would be directly eligible for amnesty (those most closely related to guerrilla membership), those who would never be eligible for amnesty, and others that would be defined as a CEP amnesty chamber (including drug trafficking and kidnapping). [112] [126] The six-month window to reach an agreement already seemed difficult to reach in November, due to delays in the closure of the transitional justice exercise, which, despite the September 23 announcements, was paralyzed on sensitive details between the two parties due to different interpretations.

[63] A general agreement to end the conflict and establish a stable and lasting peace (Acuerdo General para la terminacién del conflicto y la construccién de una paz estable y duradera) was signed on 26 August 2012 in Havana, Cuba, by representatives of the Colombian government and the FARC. The agreement set out a roadmap for the launch of a formal peace process, defined the rules governing negotiations and defined a five-point thematic agenda. On 16 November, the FARC abducted General Rubén Daro Alzate, commander of the Titon Joint Task Force; Alzate was the first general to be captured by the guerrillas in the history of the armed conflict.