publications.parliament.uk/pa/bills/cbill/58-01/0001/20001.pdf The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The bill was reintroduced immediately after the general election and was the first bill introduced in the House of Commons in the first session of the 58th Parliament with amendments to the previous bill by the re-elected government and was read for the first time on December 19, just after the first reading of the Outlawries Bill and before the start of the debate on the Queen`s Speech. The second reading took place on 20 December and the third reading on 9 January 2020. A number of clauses in the previous version of the act have been removed. These include services.parliament.uk/Bills/2019-20/europeanunionwithdrawalagreement/documents.html Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  On 19 December 2019, the British government introduced the amended EU Bill (Withdrawal Agreement) in the House of Commons. The aim of the bill is to “implement the agreement between the UK and the EU, in accordance with Article 50, paragraph 2, of the Treaty on the European Union, which sets out the terms of the UK`s exit from the EU, and to adopt other provisions relating to the EU.” The bill and accompanying explanations are available on the following link: The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019.
The amendments adjust about 5% of the text.  On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. 30.Some litigation procedures under the withdrawal agreement Described by The Independent as the government “ceding” to Conservative rebels, the bill would have allowed MPs, as originally planned, to review any “line-by-line” agreement and make changes.  Conservative MP Steve Baker wrote to The Times stating that the new bill “gives any agreement that we have a good reputation with the EU in British law” and that it is compatible with the referendum result of “giving more control over how we are governed by the British Parliament.”  The Brexit withdrawal agreement, officially titled the Uk`s withdrawal agreement from great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (Uk) which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom.